June 28, 1692 – Birth of Louisa Maria Teresa Stuart, youngest daughter of James II and VII and his second wife, Mary of Modena.
Although known, to the Jacobites as The Princess Royal, was never given title by James II since she was born after he lost his crown in the Glorious Revolution. Also, the title is given to the eldest daughter of the monarch, which Louisa Maria's half-sister Mary II was eligible for. She was also known as Princess over the Water.
Louisa Maria was born in 1692, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, during her parents' exile. Owing to the huge controversy which had surrounded the birth of her brother, James Francis Edward, with accusations of the substitution of another baby in a warming pan following a still-birth, James II had sent letters inviting not only his daughter, Queen Mary II, to attend the birth in person, but also a large number of other Protestant ladies. After the birth, James II declared that Louisa Maria had been sent by God as a consolation for her parents at the time of their distress, and in later years she was often referred to as La Consolatrice. Of all her legitimate siblings and half-siblings, only her brother James Francis Edward and her half-sisters, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne, survived infancy. Mary died while Louisa Maria was still a small child, but she was on friendly terms with her half-sister Anne.
In April 1712, both James Francis Edward and Louisa Maria fell sick with smallpox. While the Old Pretender recovered, Louisa Maria died on 28 April at the age of 19 and was buried with her father at the Church of the English Benedictines in Paris.
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