Significance Of Intention
Umar bin al-Khattab (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah ( ﺳﻴﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺻﻠﯽ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ ﻋﻠﯿﮧ ﻭﺍٓﻟﮧ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ) said: “Deeds are considered by intentions, and a person will be rewarded according to his intention. So whoever emigrated for Allah and His Messenger, his emigration would be for Allah and His Messenger; and whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration would be for what he emigrated for.”
According to some other ahadith, the context of this hadith is that a person sent a proposal of marriage to a woman named Umm Qais, which she turned down saying that he would have to emigrate to Madina to marry her. Accordingly, he did it for this specific purpose, and the two were married there. On account of this event, the man came to be known among the Companions as “Muhajir Umm Qais” (emigrant for Umm Qais). On the basis of this hadith, Ulama are of the unanimous opinion that the real basis of one’s actions is Niyyah (intention) and everyone will be rewarded or punished according to his Niyyah. Niyyah is founded in one’s heart, that is to say that one has to first make up one’s mind for what he intends to do. It becomes evident from this hadith that Ikhlas (sincerity) is a must for every good deed. In other words, in every righteous deed one should seek only the pleasure of Allah (subhana wa ta’ala), otherwise it will not be accepted by Allah.
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