THIS DAY IN HISTORY
April 28, 1503 – The Battle of Cerignola was fought between Spanish and French armies, in Cerignola in Southern Italy.
It is noted as the first battle in history won by small arms fire using gunpowder.
The Spanish forces under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba consisting of c. 6300 men, with more than 1000 arquebusiers (early muzzle-loaded firearm) and 20 cannons, defeated the French army of c. 9000 men. The French forces were mainly heavy gendarme cavalry and Swiss mercenary pikemen, and though they had 40 cannons, they arrived to late.
Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours, led the French into battle, in which he himself was killed. The French had about 4000 casualties, while the Spanish had only about 100.
🎨Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba finds the corpse of Louis d'Armagnac. Federico de Madrazo, 1835.