Florence Beatrice Price (maiden name) Smith
was an Indiginous American (Moor) born in Little Rock Arkansaa to Florence Gulliver and James H Smith.Her mother being a music teacher Florence along with her two siblings learned piano and she gave her first recital aged four.
Price wrote more than 300 musical compositions. Some of which are lost, others unpublished,
She is known as the first African woman to be recognized as a symphonic composer, and the first to have a composition played by a major orchestra.
Price taught in Arkansas briefly before moving to Atlanta, Georgia, in 1910, where she became the head of Clark University's music department. In 1912, she married Thomas J. Price, an attorney, and moved back to Little Rock, Arkansas. After a series of racial incidents in Little Rock, particularly a lynching that took place in 1927, the family moved to Chicago, where she began a new and fulfilling period in her compositional career.
Financial struggles led to a divorce in 1931, and Florence became a single mother to her two daughters. To make ends meet, she worked as an organist for silent film screenings and composed songs for radio ads under a pen name. During this time Florence lived with friends and eventually moved in with her student friend, Margaret Bonds, also a black pianist and composer. This friendship connected Price with writerLangston Hughes and contralto Marian Anderson. Together, Price and Bonds began to achieve national recognition for their compositions and performances. In 1932, both Price and Bonds submitted compositions for Wanamaker Foundation Awards. Price won first prize with her #SymphonyinEminor,
and third for her Piano Sonata, earning her a $500 prize.Bonds came in first place in the song category, with a song entitled "Sea Ghost." The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Frederick Stock, premiered the Symphony on June 15, 1933, 🌄
She made her transition on 3 June 1953.
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